How to Trade a Euro, NOK and SEK Using a Core-Perimeter Model

Euro Analysis, Eurozone Economy, Swedish Krona, Norwegian Krone, Understanding a Core-Perimeter Model – TALKING POINTS

  • How to trade a Euro opposite a Swedish Krona and Norwegian Krone
  • What are a mercantile and trade family between a Eurozone, Sweden and Norway?
  • How a attribute between Sweden, Norway and EU fits into a Core-Perimeter model

The business cycle attraction of Nordic assets, that creates them riskier though also offers aloft rates of return, tends boost their seductiveness relations to safer EU-based counterparts in an confident marketplace environment. This typically formula in a weaker Euro/Nordic sell rate since investors are prioritizing increase over collateral preservation. This upsurge of collateral is underpinned by a companion mercantile network that a Eurozone, Norway and Sweden all share.

The Sweden and Norway-EU Relationship: Trade, Economics and a EUR/SEK, EUR/NOK Rate

An strenuous infancy of Swedish and Norwegian exports upsurge to a heart of Europe. Therefore, when investors are expansive and have a certain opinion on growth, this trade attribute leads to collateral using from a core (EU) to fringe (Nordic) countries. Robust direct from Europe is a essential source of mercantile vitality for a outward-facing Scandinavian economies.

European Demand: A Key Destination for Norwegian Exports (2018)

Chart display Norwegian Trade with Europe

European Demand: A Key Destination for Swedish Exports (2018)

Chart display Swedish trade with Europe

However, during an mercantile downturn, a instruction of collateral flows reverses. This frequently formula in a stronger Euro/Nordic sell rate as investors spin some-more risk-averse and revoke their bearing to riskier resources (such as NOK and SEK). In this regard, a fortitude and strength of a Eurozone acts as a magnet for investors with collateral looking to reason it where it will be partially reduction unprotected to volatility.

Even if a Eurozone itself is a epicenter of marketplace turmoil, traders typically cite to reason their collateral in German Bunds or a Euro over their Nordic counterparts. To put it another way: collateral flows from fringe to core in a ‘risk-off’ scenario. In a instance below, a EUR/SEK sell rate strengthened between 2018 and 2019 as domestic risk in Europe gathering a Euro aloft since it was noticed as partially safer than a Swedish Krona.

Capital Shifts from Perimeter (SEK) to Core (EUR) Assets Amid Market-Wide Risk Aversion

Chart display EUR/SEK

Conversely, as a tellurian economy began to redeem from a 2008 tellurian financial crisis, a EUR/SEK sell rate enervated as risk ardour was regenerated and traders felt some-more confident about a altogether expansion outlook. Investors afterwards started to route their collateral divided from a oasis of confidence in a core (EU) to a partially riskier though higher-returning alternatives in a fringe (Nordics). This attribute reflected a resurrected seductiveness in trade riskier and higher-yielding resources in a reduction capricious environment.

Capital Shifts from Perimeter (NOK) to Core (EUR) Assets Amid Market-Wide Risk Aversion

Chart display EUR/NOK

Crude Oil Prices and a Norwegian Krone: What is a Connection?

The Norwegian Krone in sold is receptive to fluctuations in risk ardour due to Norway’s clever tie to a petroleum industry. As a cycle-sensitive commodity, wanton oil prices fast respond to changes in tellurian view since of what that could meant for destiny direct of a pivotal submit in mercantile growth. NOK, in this regard, is frequently during a forgiveness of a same army that change a commodity.

Norwegian Krone Index and Brent – Daily Chart

Chart display NOK and Brent

Key Takeaways on How to Trade a EU-Nordic Currencies

  • The Core-Perimeter indication shows that during times of uncertainty, collateral typically flows from a fringe economies (Norway and Sweden) into a core (Eurozone)
  • This frequently formula in a Euro strengthening vs a Norwegian Krone and Swedish Krona
  • Conversely, when risk ardour is high, a partially safer Euro typically weakens opposite comparatively riskier Nordic FX as collateral flows out of a Eurozone (core) and into a fringe (Scandinavian countries)
  • NOK and SEK are tied to export-oriented economies whose outward-facing inlet creates them exposed to tellurian gyrations in marketplace mood


— Written by Dimitri Zabelin, Currency Analyst for

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